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問20 What was George Ferris’s occupation?

① Civil engineer
② Construction worker
③ Event planner
④ Interior designer

問21 What was one of the reasons the organizers did not like Ferris’s proposal?

① It was not as good as the Eiffel Tower.
② It was too similar to other ideas.
③ It would be too expensive to build.
④ It would not be memorable.

問22 Which of the following would be the best title for this lecture?

① Famous American Inventors
② Ferris Wheels Around the World
③ The Father of the Ferris Wheel
④ The Promotion of World’s Fairs

問20 正解
問21 正解
問22 正解

A popular ride at many amusement parks is the Ferris wheel, a giant vertical wheel with seats giving passengers great panoramic views. It was named after its American inventor, George Ferris. Ferris was born in Illinois in 1859. He studied civil engineering, and he became well known for building and designing railroads, bridges, and tunnels. What he is mainly remembered for, however, is his attempt to design something more impressive than France’s Eiffel Tower.

In the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris, the Eiffel Tower was considered a technological masterpiece. The next World’s Fair was to be held four years later in Chicago, and the organizers asked engineers to think of exciting ideas that would make their fair memorable.

Ferris proposed a 76-meter-high steel wheel with 36 cars; that could each hold 60 people. His proposal was rejected originally because the organizers thought it was dangerous, costly, and unrealistic. However, he proved that it would be safe and raised money to build it. Then, his proposal was approved, and the wheel was built. During the fair, about 10,000 people rode it daily. Unfortunately, Ferris died soon after the fair ended. Nevertheless, his name lives on today in many amusement parks around the world.

ride 乗り物 amusement park 遊園地 Ferris wheel 観覧車 vertical 垂直の wheel 車輪 panoramic 全体が見渡せる be named after ~にちなんで名づけられる inventor 発明家 Illinois イリノイ州 civil engineering 土木工学 Eiffel Tower エッフェル塔 World’s Fair 世界博覧会 masterpiece 傑作 organizer 主催者 costly 費用のかかる raise money 資金を集める




問20 ジョージ・フェリスの職業は何か。

① 土木工学者
② 建設作業員
③ イベント・プランナー
④ インテリア・デザイナー

問21 主催者がフェリスの提案を好まなかった理由の一つは何か。

① 提案はエッフェル塔ほどよくはなかった。
② 提案は他のアイデアとあまりに似ていた。
③ 提案は高額すぎて建設できそうになかった。
④ 提案は印象的なものになりそうでなかった。

問22 この講義に最も適切な題名は以下のうちどれか。

① 有名なアメリカ人の発明家
② 世界中の観覧車
③ 観覧車の父
④ 世界博覧会の推進


同じマンションに住んでいるMaria, David, Hannahが,マンションでペットを飼う際の決まりについて話し合いをしています。

問23 What was David’s first suggestion?

① A list of dangerous animals should be made.
② Even large snakes should be permitted.
③ Most little pets should be accepted.
④ Only a small number of pets should be allowed.

問24 What do Hannah and Maria agree on?

① Neither elevator should be used for pets,
② Noise and pet size may not be related.
③ Older people prefer to keep quiet pets.
④ Pet owners should live on lower floors.

問25 What is their next step?

① Decide on the residents’ meeting date.
② Limit the sizes and types of pets.
③ Present their ideas at a meeting.
④ Put signs on the elevators.

問23 正解
問24 正解
問25 正解

Maria: OK, so next, let’s talk about what kinds of pets should be allowed. What if someone wants to keep something dangerous, like a snake or a monkey? What do you think, David?
David: I’m not sure how many people would want to keep monkeys, Maria, but it’s a good idea to make a list of acceptable pets. In principle, I think most small pets, especially those in cages, like hamsters, turtles, birds…or even snakes, should be allowed. Most snakes aren’t poisonous anyway. The main thing is that the pets should be small, especially dogs. Big dogs could cause trouble. What if they bite someone? What if they’re noisy? Don’t you agree, Hannah?
Hannah: Well, David, I agree that we shouldn’t allow any dangerous animals in the building, but I don’t think they have to be small. Big dogs aren’t necessarily noisier than small ones. My grandmother has a small dog that barks all the time. Some big dogs are very calm and quiet.
Maria: Yeah, that’s true. But I’m worried that people will complain about pets in the elevators, especially if they’re afraid of animals. Or, if they have allergies, like me. I’m allergic to dogs. Actually, pet owners should probably use the stairs.
Hannah: Well, I live on the 10th floor. I don’t think we can ask pet owners to climb the stairs above the third floor.
Maria: Oh yeah. Sorry. I didn’t think of that. Oh! There’re two elevators. Pets could be allowed in one, but not the other. We could put signs for one elevator that say No Pets Allowed.
David: I like that idea. That would be easy to do. So, we’ll take our ideas to the residents’ meeting tomorrow and see what everyone else says.
Hannah: Sounds good. But it might be hard to get everyone to agree.

list 一覧表 acceptable 受け入れられる in principle 原則として cage カゴ、檻 not necessarily 必ずしも~ではない complain about ~に不平を言う allergy アレルギー resident 住民


問23 デイヴィッドが初めに示唆したことは何か。

① 危険な動物の一覧を作るべきである。
② 大きなヘビでも許可するべきである。
③ 多くの小さなペットは受け入れられるべきである。
④ 少ない数のペットだけ許されるべきである。

問24 ハンナとマリアは何に同意しているか。

① どちらのエレベーターもペットのために使われるべきではない。
② 騒音とペットの大きさは関係がない。
③ 高齢者は静かなペットを飼うことを好む。
④ ペットの飼い主は低層階に住むべきである。

問25 彼らの次の手順は何か。

① 住民会議の日程を決める。
② ペットの大きさと種類を制限する。
③ 会議で彼らの考えを発表する。
④ エレベーターに標識を置く。


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