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Mike: The mall is really crowded, but I always like shopping here. And the T-shirt I bought was a really good deal.
Cathy: Yeah. It looked great on you. Well, I guess it’s time to go home. I wonder if it is still raining.
Mike: Oh, look! It’s pouring. We’ll get all wet, even with an umbrella. I don’t want to catch a cold.
Cathy: OK. 27

① Hopefully, you’ll recover soon.
② Let’s wait here until it stops.
③ We’ll buy an umbrella later.
④ You don’t like shopping anyway.


Jo: Did you go grocery shopping yesterday?
Terry: No, I didn’t. You forgot to leave me a shopping list when you left for work.
Jo: Really? I thought I put it on the table.
Terry: 28 We should clean up the table sometime. Otherwise, we’ll never be able to find what we need.

① How could I find it among all these papers?
② What time did you leave for work yesterday?
③ Which grocery store did we stop by?
④ Why did you go shopping without it?


問1 27 正解 ②
キャシー:わかりました。 27

① 願わくは、あなたはすぐに回復するでしょう。
② 雨が止むまでここで待ちましょう。
③ 私たちは後で傘を買うつもりです。
④ あなたはとにかく買い物が好きではありません。

問2 28 正解 ①

① これら紙だらけの中でどうやってそれを見つけることができるだろうか。
② あなたは昨日何時に出勤しましたか。
③ 私たちはどの食料品店に立ち寄りましたか。
④ あなたはなぜそれ無しで買い物に行ったのですか。



問1 29

There has been a lot of research on the effects of caffeine on your body and health. Caffeine is contained in many drinks and sweets such as coffee, tea, and chocolate. ①One of the well-known effects of caffeine is keeping you awake. Some people drink a lot of coffee before exams and try to study until late at night. ②There are some other effects on you that caffeine might cause. It can, for example, sometimes increase your heart rate or blood pressure. ③It is used to add a bitter taste to some drinks, as well.Some countries warn that too much caffeine may cause health troubles. So, you may want to consider the amount of caffeine you take in each day.

問2 30

A major change in French cuisine, one of the most famous styles of cooking, began in the 16th century. ①When Catherine de Médicis of Italy moved to France in the middle of the 16th century, she brought her professional cooks with her.Everywhere in France, there were many varieties of delicious cheeses and wines prepared for local people.They changed French cuisine in many ways, yet this new French cuisine was still limited to the noble class.As a result of the French Revolution in the late 1700s, the cooks employed by the noble class lost their jobs and therefore opened restaurants for ordinary citizens. This is one of the theories about the birth of today’s French cuisine.

問3 31

Some people do not like to throw things away and may feel a sense of comfort by keeping them well ordered and ready for use. When Kenta’s grandmother asked him to help clean her house before New Year’s Day, he found a lot of old stuff of no value to anyone else. ①She had kept all of the wrapping paper she had received, which was neatly folded, along with various nice ribbons.There were pill containers stuffed with spare buttons as well as small pieces of thread and string wrapped around strips of paper.There were some rare collector’s items that she was going to sell to make money for charity.All these things were well organized and made ready for use whenever she might need them. However, she realized no one would use them, not even herself. So, Kenta and his grandmother decided to throw them all away.


問1 29 正解 ③

カフェインがあなたの体や健康に及ぼす影響について多くの調査があります。カフェインはコーヒー、紅茶、チョコレートなど多くの飲み物やお菓子に含まれています。 ①カフェインのよく知られた効果の1つはあなたを目覚めさせることです。試験の前にたくさんのコーヒーを飲んで夜遅くまで勉強しようとする人もいます。②カフェインが引き起こす、いくつか他のあなたへの影響があります。たとえば、それは心拍数や血圧をあげることがあります。③それは同様に、飲み物に苦味を加えるためにも使われています。④いくつかの国々は、カフェインが多すぎると健康上の問題を引き起こすと警告しています。だから、あなたは毎日あなたが取るカフェインの量を考慮したいと思うかもしれません。

問2 30 正解 ②


問3 31 正解 ③




Prof. Becker: This is our first class since you all finished your eight-week-long farm work experiences throughout Washington State. I’d like you to share some stories of your experiences. Who’d like to go first? Go ahead, Melanie.
Melanie: I was interested in traditional farming, and I thought many of the methods might be very useful in modern commercial farming, too. So I chose a farm that adopted ways of farming once used in the region. The workers there don’t use any artificial chemicals. They plant various crops together in a field, rather than planting only one. I didn’t really know planting multiple crops would help prevent plant diseases, decrease the number of harmful insects, and maintain the quality of the soil. At the same time, I was surprised that workers on this small farm were using very modern technology. For example, they used computers to decide when to supply water to their fields. In short, these farmers were 32.

① integrating older and newer farming techniques
② spraying artificial chemicals according to the schedule
③ updating and developing advanced computer software
④ using insects to protect crops from harmful diseases

Prof. Becker: Thank you, Melanie. That’s interesting. Who’d like to speak next? Eric?

Eric: Yes. I was working on a small farm, too. I spent most of my time keeping the plants healthy by monitoring the soil. This farm used the latest methods for analyzing it. Using the data obtained, the workers maintained the quality of the soil and planned for the next crops. They were making use of new developments in biology and chemistry in their farming. I was very impressed. I hadn’t thought I could apply my knowledge of chemistry to farming. I’ll definitely consider farming as a future job.
Ann: I was also on a small farm. I come from a big city, and I hadn’t even planted flowers in a garden before. So I’d never thought about becoming a farmer. But I’m interested in food safety and wanted to try working in agriculture. I learned that modern techniques maintained the condition of the plants very effectively without affecting the safety of the vegetables. Through this experience, I realized that working on a farm is a very attractive option for me in the future.
Prof. Becker: It seems that you both 33. So, is there anyone who went to a large farm? Yes, David?

① are worried about the safety of the products
② made a lot of money working on small farms
③ see farming as a potential career choice now
④ used your knowledge of chemistry for farming

David: The farm I went to was a huge commercial wheat farm. Because it covered a large area, it wasn’t easy for the workers to remember the places where they had supplied water and sprayed chemicals. They said they would often mistakenly work in the same place twice. Now, navigation systems enable them to avoid excessive application of chemicals and water. This makes their farming much more efficient. Otherwise, they would waste too much time.
Ann: Wow! That’s very different from what I experienced.
Prof. Becker: Thank you, David. You all have learned some different things. However, from your experiences, it seems that regardless of the size of their farms, farmers 34 on their farms. Does anyone have any further comments?

① adopt navigation systems
② maintain traditional methods
③ rent watering devices
④ use modern techniques


正解 32 ① 33 ③ 34

① 新旧の農業技術を統合していた
② スケジュールに従って人工化学物質を散布していた
③ 最新のコンピュータソフトウェアの更新と開発をしていた
④ 作物を有害な病気から守るために昆虫を使っていた


① 製品の安全性を心配している
② 小さな農場で働いてたくさんのお金を稼いだ
③ 今や農業を潜在的な職業の選択であると見なしている
④ 農作業に化学の知識を使った


① ナビゲーションシステムを採用しています
② 伝統的な方法を維持しています
③ 散水装置を借りています
④ 現代の科学技術を使っています

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