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問23 ワークシートの空欄23を埋めるのに最も適切なものを,四つの選択肢(①~④)のうちから一つ選びなさい。

① carefully produced and expensive clothes
② cheaply produced and inexpensive clothes
③ poorly produced and short-lasting clothes
④ reasonably produced and long-lasting clothes

問24 ワークシートの表24の空欄A~C及びX~Zを埋めるのに最も適切な語句はどれか。Fibers の空欄A~Cのそれぞれにあてはまるものを二つの選択肢(①と②)のうちから,Impactsの空欄X~Zのそれぞれにあてはまるものを三つの選択肢(③~⑤)のうちから選びなさい。①と②は二回以上使われることがあります。


① natural
② non-natural


③ chemicals used in production
④ many years to break down
⑤ CO2 in the air

問25 講義で話されていると考えられる主張はどれか,四つの選択肢(①~④)のうちから一つ選びなさい。

① Cotton clothes are better because they produce less CO2 and are more easily broken down than polyester clothes.
② It is better to burn textile waste than to bury it underground because harmful chemicals can damage the earth.
③ Many clothes are not recycled or reused, so buying clothing wisely could contribute to protecting the environment.
④ We should avoid buying unnecessary clothing because chemicals are used during the production process.

問23 正解 ②
問24 正解 A② B① C① X⑤ Y④ Z③
問25 正解 ③

Do you like buying new clothes? Today I’m going to talk about clothing and its connection to the environmental crisis we are facing now. Worldwide, we consume about 80 billion items of new clothing each year. That number is 400% higher than what we were consuming two decades ago. Do you know why? This increase is closely related to the fact that clothes are cheaply produced and sold at low prices. How long do you wear your clothes? The life of such cheaply produced clothing is, on average, 2.2 years. Some clothing stores are trying hard to reuse or recycle the clothes. But unfortunately, tons of clothes still end up being burned or buried as waste.

Burning or burying such a large amount of textile waste adds to our present environmental crisis. Burning nonnatural fibers such as polyester and nylon can produce air pollution including a huge amount of C02. Burying unwanted clothes also causes a lot of pollution. Do you know how long the buried clothes stay in the ground?

Those non-natural fibers are basically plastics made from oil, which means they could take up to a thousand years to become part of the earth once again. In contrast, natural fibers like cotton and silk go back to the earth quickly.

However, they produce greenhouse gases, such as methane, as they break down under the ground. In addition, chemicals may have been used to dye or bleach those natural fibers, and the remaining chemicals can eventually reach underground water.

clothes、clothing 衣服  connection つながり  crisis 危機 face 直面する cosume 消費する billion 10億 item 品物 number 数 decade 10年間 increase 増加 closely 密接に be related to ~に関係がある fact 事実 cheaply 安価に produce 生産する low 低い on average 平均で reuse 再利用する recycle リサイクルする unfortunately 残念ながら ton トン end up 最終的に~ burn 燃やす bury 埋める waste ゴミ、廃棄物 amount 量 textile 布地 add to 増大させる present 現在の fiber 繊維 pollution 汚染 include ~を含む huge 莫大な unwanted 不要な cause 引き起こす ground 地面 basically おおむね oil 石油 up to 最大で part 部分 earth 地面、土 in contrast 対照的に greenhouse 温室 break down 分解する in addition そのうえ chemical 化学物質 dye 染色する bleach 漂白する remain 残る evetually 最終的に underground 地下の harmful 有害な damage 害を与える wisely 賢く contribute to ~に貢献する protect 守る unnecessary 必要のない process 過程







① Cotton T-shirts are better for the earth when they are made out of chemical-free fibers.
② It is important not only to think of what clothes to buy but how to take care of them.
③ Rayon blouses can be recycled and as a result, last longer than cotton T-shirts.
④ We should wear natural-fiber clothing as it is friendly to the environment.

正解 ②

Now let’s consider how much energy is used in the life cycle of clothing. Look at this chart comparing a cotton T-shirt and a rayon blouse. Although rayon looks like a non-natural material, it is actually made from wood pulp. Notice the differences between these two types of natural-fiber clothes.

consider 考える  energy エネルギー life cycle ライフサイクル  chart 表 compare 比較する  although ~だけれど look like ~のように見える material 素材  actually 実は pulp パルプ  notice 注意する out of ~から  free ~がない not only ~ but also … ~だけでなく…もまた take care of 世話をする、手入れする as a result 結果として  last 続く friendly 優しい


① 綿のTシャツは化学物質を使わない繊維からできているとき、地球にとってより良い。
② その衣服を買うべきかだけでなくそれらをどのように手入れするかを考えることが大切である。
③ レーヨンのブラウスはリサイクルでき、結果として綿のTシャツより長持ちする。
④ 自然繊維の衣服は環境に優しいので、私たちはそれを着るべきである。

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