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What happened to Angora rabbits toward the end of the 18th century?

① Europeans outside France began keeping them as pets.
② People in the United States began keeping them as pets.
③ Their average life span increased to more than seven years.
④ Their popularity increased among the royal family in France.


Angora rabbits are soft and lovable pets. There are different kinds in different countries, but Angoras originated in Ankara, Turkey, before spreading around the world. One place they became popular was France. They were kept by the French royal family and other elites in the mid-18th century. Soon, Angoras became popular outside France and could be found throughout Europe by the end of the century. Later, people in the United States started keeping them as household pets in the early 1900s. Wherever you find them, these long-haired rabbits live five to seven years when kept indoors and cared for properly.

lovable 愛らしい originated in ~に起源がある spread 広がる  throughout ~じゅうで household 家庭の wherever どこで~しようと  properly 適切に



① フランスの外のヨーロッパ人たちがそれらをペットとして飼い始めた。
② アメリカの人々がそれらをペットとして飼い始めた。
③ それらの平均寿命が7年以上に伸びた。
④ それらの人気がフランス王室の間で高まった。


In which order are these ingredients added to make the sauce?

① Kimchi base → Meat → Onion → Tomato
② Kimchi base → Tomato → Onion → Meat
③ Onion → Meat → Tomato → Kimchi base
④ Onion → Tomato → Meat → Kimchi base


To make a simple kimchi meat sauce, put some finely-chopped garlic into a pan with two tablespoons of olive oil. Turn the heat on, and when you smell the garlic cooking, add one chopped onion and cook for about two minutes. After adding 500 grams of ground beef, cook until light brown, then add one can of chopped tomatoes together with about three tablespoons of ketchup. Before turning the heat down to low and cooking everything for about thirty minutes, don’t forget to add three tablespoons of kimchi base. This sauce is great on either spaghetti or rice!

finely 細かく chop 刻む



① キムチベース→肉→タマネギ→トマト
② キムチベース→トマト→タマネギ→肉
③ タマネギ→肉→トマト→キムチベース
④ タマネギ→トマト→肉→キムチベース


According to the speaker, which is true about urban farming?

① It makes the city feel like the country.
② It requires modern transportation systems.
③ This American business is not a new idea.
④ This way of farming is not good in winter.


Growing food locally in American cities has been getting more popular recently. In fact, the vegetables you buy in the supermarket may be grown just down the street. Shoppers may be surprised, but actually urban farming has deep roots, especially in the northeastern US. Before we had good highways and air transport, fruits and vegetables were often grown in city greenhouses during the winter, instead of being shipped in from faraway states or other countries. Because it reduces transportation costs and provides people with fresh food more quickly, urban farming is making a comeback.

recently 最近  urban 都市の root 起源  especially 特に greenhouse 温室 instead of ~の代わりに ship 輸送する  transportation 輸送 cost 費用 provide ~ with … ~に…を提供する



① それによって都市が田舎のように感じられる。
② それは現在の輸送システムを必要とする。
③ このアメリカのビジネスは新しい考えではない。
④ この農業の方法は冬には向いていない。


問23 Which way of collecting is described by the speaker?

① Buying items from Internet auctions.
② Ordering items from TV shopping channels.
③ Receiving presents from friends and family.
④ Trading items at events for fans.

問24 What problem with collecting does the speaker talk about?

① Collections may take up too much space.
② Family members may worry about collectors.
③ People spend too much money on items.
④ Some people fear losing their collections.

問25 According to the speaker, how can people benefit from collecting?

① They may appear on television shows.
② They may feel happier and more secure.
③ They may increase their income by selling their items.
④ They may leave their collections to their children.

問23 正解
問24 正解
問25 正解

There are many kinds of collections and reasons why people build them. People enjoy spending time and money gathering, organizing, and displaying almost anything. A serious collector can even have a career as a respected expert.

Some people love certain musicians, movies, or TV programs so much that they must have any items associated with them. Collectors meet other fans, trade information online, and compete to see who has the biggest and best collection.

Other people may start a collection by accident. For example, suppose a friend gives you a toy whale souvenir and you keep it on your desk. Then, your mother notices it and gives you an umbrella with a whale design. Your collection continues to grow by itself as others give you similar gifts. It may take over your home if you aren’t careful!

Collecting may also have a deeper meaning. Some researchers believe it begins with childhood psychological needs. They say we all experienced uncertainty as children or wanted things we could not have, so collecting may give us a greater sense of control over our lives. Whatever the motivation may be, collecting is a satisfying and enjoyable hobby for many people.

gather 集める  organize 整理する display 展示する  career 仕事 expert 専門家  certain ある so ~ that … あまりに~なので… item 品物  associate with ~と関連づける trade 取引する  compete 競争する by accident 偶然に  suppose ~だとしよう souvenir おみやげ  notice 気づく continue to ~し続ける  similar 似たような take over ~を乗っ取る  researcher 研究者 psychological 心理的な  uncertainty 不確実さ sense 感覚  control 支配、操作 motivation 動機  satisfying 満足のいく enjoyable 楽しい





問23 話者によって述べられている収集の方法はどれか。

① インターネットオークションで品物を買うこと。
② テレビのショッピングチャンネルで品物を注文すること。
③ 友達や家族からプレゼントを受け取ること。
④ 愛好者たちのイベントで品物をやり取りすること。

問24 話者は収集の何の問題について話しているか。

① コレクションはあまりに多くの空間を占めるかもしれない。
② 家族は収集家のことを心配するかもしれない。
③ 人々は品物にあまりに多くのお金を費やす。
④ 自分のコレクションを失うことを恐れる人々がいる。

問25 話者によれば、人々は収集からどのように利益を得ることができるか。

① 彼らはテレビ番組に出演するかもしれない。
② 彼らはより幸せになりより安心するかもしれない。
③ 彼らは自分の品物を売ることによって収入を増やすかもしれない。
④ 彼らは自分のコレクションを自分の子どもたちに残すかもしれない。


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