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Sue: You know, Peter’s birthday is coming soon. Is everything going well for the surprise party?
Polly: Yes. I’ve already bought and wrapped his present. Here, look.
Sue: 27 He might walk in at any moment.
Polly: OK. I’ll put it away until the party.

① He doesn’t like the color of the wrapping.
② I don’t have the slightest idea what to buy.
③ Show him what you bought when he comes.
④ You should hide it so that he won’t see it.


Diego: Did you do the English homework? It was difficult, wasn’t it?
Fred: Oh! I totally forgot about it.
Diego: You can do it during lunch time.
Fred: There’s little point in even trying. 28
Diego: Don’t give up. You need to pass English, right?

① I’m sure I can make it.
② It’d be a waste of time.
③ Let me see what you can do.
④ You don’t want to miss it.


問1 27 正解 ④
スー27 彼がいつ入ってくるかもしれない。

① 彼は包装の色が好きではないです。
② 私は何を買えばいいのか、まったくわかりません。
③ 彼が来たときあなたが買ったものを彼に見せて下さい。
④ あなたは彼にそれが見えないように、それを隠すべきです。

問2 28 正解 ②

① 私はきっとうまくいくと思います。
② 時間の無駄でしょう。
③ あなたに何ができるか私に確認させてください。
④ あなたはそれを逃したくありません。



問1 29

Students in Japan are now engaging more in practical activities and less in memorization of facts in class. Students are learning scientific principles through actual experience. ①They do well in science in comparison with other students around the world.They build electric motors using everyday goods, such as wire, magnets, and paper clips.They make ice cream by hand with salt and ice.Students say that they like the new studying style because it is practical as well as enjoyable and educational. It is hoped that this new method will encourage students to become more interested in science.

問2 30

Trial and error, an approach used in science, is often found in daily life. It can be observed when people do not feel well. They may already have a list of treatments they have used before. They can also consult a medical book or check the Internet for new treatments. They may decide to use any one of the treatments. ①If the treatment does not improve the condition, they try another one.They are concerned about how scientific the treatment is. This is an example of how this approach is adopted in everyday life. ③In solving problems, scientists come up with more than one idea and use one of the possible options.When an idea fails, they consider the alternatives. In this way, approaches used in science and daily life have some points in common.

問3 30



問1 29 正解 ①

問2 29 正解 ①



Professor: Good morning. I’m sure everyone did the homework reading, so I want to begin today’s class on intercultural communication. My first question is “Why do we need to study intercultural communication?” Would anyone like to answer?
Student 1: Yes, I’ll try to answer that. People may think the way they do things or the way they view the world is “natural” and “correct.” When they encounter someone doing things differently, they regard it as “strange” or “wrong.” Having an awareness of intercultural communication can help us understand and deal with misunderstandings when they arise. I think it is especially important these days because people travel overseas for many reasons, such as work, study, or vacations. The opportunities to meet people from other countries have increased greatly. With this increased contact, there are more chances for trouble between people from different cultures.
Professor: Right. As you said, studying intercultural communication is useful because 32.

① intercultural knowledge encourages people to study in a foreign country
② some ways of living are considered to be more correct than others
③ there were many more cases of intercultural communication in the past
④ we can cope with cultural misunderstandings more easily and smoothly

Professor: Let’s move on to the concept of “culture.” You should know that because culture is all around us all the time, it is difficult to define. Therefore, we tend to discuss culture in terms of characteristics. Can anyone give an example of a cultural characteristic?
Student 2: The characteristic I found interesting is that people belonging to a culture have the same values, beliefs, and behaviors. Values are things that are felt to be of worth, like the Japanese concept of “mottainai.” Beliefs are things that people believe to be true, and these cover a wide variety of areas. For example, people in a culture might share beliefs about the kinds of foods that are unacceptable. Behavior is about people’s actions, and people in the same culture can often be seen behaving similarly.
Professor: That’s a good explanation. That means 33.

① having the same beliefs as other cultural groups is important
② people from the same cultural group usually behave differently
③ people’s attitudes to food determine which cultures they are from
④ shared behaviors may make you a member of a cultural group

Student 3: Can I ask a question?
Professor: Of course.
Student 3: What about people who always seem to be different from those around them? Sometimes I don’t do things in the same way as my friends. So, if we need to have the same behavior for group membership, does that mean those who are not the same aren’t members of their cultural group?
Professor: That’s a good question. To answer it we need to think in terms of cultural norms rather than individual examples.
Student 3: What is a cultural norm?
Professor: Well, a cultural norm is a rule or standard of behavior shared by members of a cultural group.
Student 3: Then what happens to the people who do not follow the cultural norms?
Professor: Well, they may belong to a smaller group, or a sub-cultural group, but that group is still considered to be part of the culture. This is true as long as their actions are within the acceptable limits of behavior for that particular culture.
Student 3: So, am I right in thinking that 34?

① a culture contains groups that make up one larger group
② acting differently isn’t allowed for group membership
③ it is important to be in the group that follows the cultural norms
④ the number of sub-cultural groups should be limited

Professor: Yes. I hope this has cleared things up for you. OK. I think we’re ready to move on and think about another characteristic of culture.


正解 32 ④ 33 ④ 34

① 異文化間の知識は人々が外国で勉強するのを促す
② いくつかの生き方は他のものより正しいと見なされている
③ 過去に異文化間コミュニケーションの多くの事例がある
④ 私たちは文化的な誤解にもっと簡単に、円滑に対処できる


① 他の文化的集団と同じ信念を持つことは重要である
② 同じ文化的集団出身の人々はたいてい異なる振る舞いをする
③ 食物に対する人々の態度は、彼らがどの文化の出身かを決定する
④ 共通の行動はあなたを文化的集団の一員にするかもしれない


① 文化には1つのより大きな集団を構成する集団が含まれている
② 異なる行動をすることは、集団の一員として許されない
③ 文化的規範に従った集団に所属することが重要である
④ サブカルチャー集団の数は制限されるべきである


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