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Your group is preparing a poster presentation entitled “The Person Who Revolutionized American Journalism,” using information from the magazine article below.

Benjamin Day, a printer from New England, changed American journalism forever when he started a New York City newspaper, The Sun. Benjamin Day was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, on April 10, 1810. He worked for a printer as a teenager, and at the age of 20 he began working in print shops and newspaper offices in New York. In 1831, when he had saved enough money, he started his own printing business, which began to struggle when the city was hit by a cholera epidemic the following year. In an attempt to prevent his business from going under, Day decided to start a newspaper.

In 1833, there were 650 weekly and 65 daily American newspapers, with average sales of around 1,200. Although there were cheap newspapers in other parts of the country, in New York a newspaper usually cost as much as six cents. Day believed that many working-class people were able to read newspapers, but chose not to buy them because they did not address their interests and were too expensive. On September 3, 1833, Day launched The Sun with a copy costing just one cent. The introduction of the “penny press,” as cheap newspapers became known, was an important milestone in American journalism history.

Day’s newspaper articles were different from those of other newspapers at the time. Instead of reporting on politics and reviews of books or the theater, The Sun focused on people’s everyday lives. It was the first newspaper to report personal events and crimes. It led to a paradigm shift in American journalism, with newspapers becoming an important part of the community and the lives of the readers. Day also came up with another novel idea: newsboys selling the newspaper on street corners. People wouldn‘t even have to step into a shop to buy a paper.

The combination of a newspaper that was cheap as well as being easily available was successful, and soon Day was making a good living publishing The Sun. Within six months, The Sun’s circulation reached 5,000, and after a year, it had risen to 10,000. By 1835, sales of The Sun had reached 19,000, more than any of the other daily papers at that time. Over the next few years, about a dozen new penny papers were established, beginning a new era of newspaper competition. The success of The Sun encouraged other journalists to publish newspapers at a lower price. By the time of the Civil War, the standard price of a New York City newspaper had fallen to just two cents.

Despite his success, after about five years of operating The Sun, Day lost interest in the daily work of publishing a newspaper. In 1838, he sold The Sun to his brother-in-law, Moses Yale Beach, for $40,000, and the newspaper continued to publish for many years. After selling the paper, Day moved into other business areas, including the publication of magazines, but by the 1860s he was basically retired. He lived quietly until his death on December 21, 1889. Although he had been involved in the American newspaper business for a relatively short time, Day is remembered as a revolutionary figure who showed that newspapers could appeal to a mass audience.

The Person Who Revolutionized American Journalism

■ The Life of Benjamin Day

Period Events
1810s Day spent his childhood in Springfield
1820s 27

1830s and beyond






■ About The Sun
▶ Day launched The Sun on September 3, 1833.
▶ This newspaper was highly successful for the following reasons: 32

■ A Shift in U.S. Journalism: A New Model
▶ The motto of The Sun was “33.”
▶The Sun changed American journalism and society in a number of ways: 34

問1 Members of your group listed important events in Day’s life. Put the events into the boxes 2731 in the order that they happened.

① Day created other publications
② Day established a printing company
③ Day gained experience as a printer in his local area
④ Day started a newspaper business
⑤ Day’s business was threatened by a deadly disease

問 2 Choose the best statement(s) to complete the poster. (You may choose more than one option.) 32

① Day focused on improving the literacy levels of the working class.
② Day introduced a new way of distributing newspapers.
③ Day realized the potential demand for an affordable newspaper.
④ Day reported political affairs in a way that was easy to understand.
⑤ Day supplied a large number of newspapers to every household.
⑥ Day understood what kind of articles would attract readers.

問3 Which of the following was most likely to have been The Sun’s motto? 33

① Nothing is more valuable than politics
② The daily diary of the American Dream
③ The Sun: It shines for all
④ Top people take The Sun

問4 Choose the best statement(s) to complete the poster. (You may choose more than one option.) 34

① Information became widely available to ordinary people.
② Journalists became more conscious of political concerns.
③ Journalists started to write more on topics of interest to the community.
④ Newspapers became less popular with middle-class readers.
⑤  Newspapers replaced schools in providing literacy education.
⑥ The role of newspapers became much more important than before.









■ ベンジャミン・デイの生涯

期間 出来事
1810年代 デイはスプリングフィールドで幼年期を過ごした
1820年代 27







問1 正解 27 ③ 28 ② 29 ⑤ 30 ④ 31

① デイは他の出版物を作った
② デイは印刷会社を設立した
③ デイは地元で印刷工としての経験を積んだ
④ デイは新聞事業を始めた
⑤ デイの事業は致命的な病気に脅かされた

問2 32 正解 ②、③、⑥

① デイは労働者の識字率の向上に焦点を合わせた。
② デイは新聞の新しい配給方法を導入した。
③ デイは手頃な価格の新聞に対する潜在的な需要に気づいた。
④ デイは分かりやすい方法で政治情勢を報道した。
⑤ デイはすべての世帯に多数の新聞を供給した。
⑥ デイはどのような種類の記事が読者を引き付けるのか理解していた。

問3 33 正解 ③

① 政治ほど価値のあるものはない
② アメリカンドリームの日記
③ ザ・サン:すべての人のために輝く
④ 最高の地位にある人々がザ・サンを読む

問4 34 正解 ①、③、⑥

① 情報が一般の人々に広く手に入るようになった。
② ジャーナリストは政治的問題をより意識するようになった。
③ ジャーナリストは地域社会とって関心のある話題についてもっと書き始めた。
④ 新聞は中間層の読者にあまり人気がなかった。
⑤ 新聞は、識字教育を提供するために学校に取って代わった。
⑥ 新聞の役割は以前よりずっと重要になった。

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